DIY gable roof – classic roof is popular at all times

DIY gable roof – the task is more than feasible. After all, the older generation of the cottage built? So we may well. From this article you will learn how to calculate and make a gable roof correctly.

What is a gable roof?

Methods for building complex gable structures

Depending on the project, the width and length of the slopes, as well as the angle of inclination can be completely different. The option is also very common when a full -fledged dwelling is arranged under the roof – the attic. In this case, instead of two planes, four are erected and a lot of attention is paid to hydraulic – and thermal insulation.

Installation is carried out in three main stages. They consist of the installation of load -bearing beams, fasteners of chatter and flooring of roofing material. The rafter system is an important component of the roof, since it depends not only the appearance of the roof, but also its reliability. Therefore, when calculating the gable roof, it is the installation of rafters that pay great attention to the installation of the rafters, and here you should not save on materials or labor costs. The best material for rafters is a pine beam. It should not be damaged mechanically or affected by fungi, and to extend the service life, the surface can be treated with various impregnations.

The construction of a gable roof – useful nuances

Installing the rafter system on its own

Unlike Valmova, the installation of a gable structure is carried out according to a simpler technology. First of all, along the already exiled walls, a beam is laid at a distance of at least 40 cm. This will create the most effective protection against precipitation and wind. The next step is the arrangement of the base of the racks. Their role is a trimming board, which is installed along the house for translations and fixed with nails. Posters are placed on the base, and then they tie them at the top.

Next, we begin to mount the rafters. The rafter system, the video about which is on our website is the simplest of all existing. Neither the section size nor the calculation depending on the location of the insulation and the material are important here. Moreover, if you have chosen the configuration of the roof in the form of a regular triangle, then the load will be distributed evenly, and as a result of this, the rafter system will be very reliable.

For a tight fit of the rafters, the following method can be applied to translations. Put the board with an edge on the transfer by 10 cm, tightly press it to the legs of the rafters, mark this place and make a cut. After installing the rafters, the upper edge of the strain of the system is fixed using a crossbar. For greater reliability, the use of metal linings is recommended. Control of the even location of the vertices is carried out using a level and a cord, which is pulled from the upper point of the pediment.

In order for the rafter legs to sag, struts are added to the system.

When installing ceilings or translation beams, both for the “technical” floor and for the attic, you can use a trim with parameters of 15×15 cm. You need to put it only on the walls. Thus, you will provide the necessary strength of the building. Crossing beams should be mounted with the release from the outer edge. During the construction of the attic, the founding boards should be 5×15 mm in size, and they need to be fixed using roofing nails. The assembly and installation of the rafter system is carried out by the method described above.

But the design is ready. How to choose the right roofing material? The choice depends on the strength of the frame, so it is so important from the very beginning to make the right calculations. Take into account not only the weight of the “skeleton” itself, but also the materials by which insulation, steam – and waterproofing will be carried out. In addition, the system should withstand not only the weight of the roofing material itself, but also the variable loads in the form of wind and precipitation.

Gable structure is the best option for the snow winter

Gable roof – one of the most elementary structures. It’s easier only a flat or single -sided roof. The roof of two slopes, when using the same parameters of the crate and rafters, allows you to block the spaces twice as much. That is, there is saving materials. Further, if the attic is equipped, the windows can be done on the pediments, and thus not complicate your life with the installation of windows in slopes. Rain water easily descends from the gable roof, and in winter, a lot of snow does not accumulate on the surface.

A small drawback of a gable structure is that it is subject to wind loads. However, this problem is easily solved by accurate calculations and high -quality materials and work. In addition, the gable roof does not allow you to equip the circular system of drainage. You will have two gutters on both sides for water drainage – just all.

You learned how to build a gable roof, and made sure that all the same, there are more advantages in this design than the disadvantages! No matter what you erect – an ordinary country building, or a country house – this kind of roof will always look modern and reliably protect you from any bad weather.