Foundation slab: how to build yourself

The foundation of the slab, the slab foundation or the foundation plate – all the data of the names of the same base for the structure. There are other names, and all of them convey the main feature of the given new items in the construction services market. This version of the base is a monolithic continuous plate made of reinforced concrete, which is performed directly at the construction site, for the reason that it is simply unrealistic to transport data from such sizes, and any construction for which such a plate is intended has significant sizes.

When you need such a foundation?

There are many options for the foundation that are designed for a wide variety of construction conditions. It seems why come up with another? What is not suitable for a strip buried foundation that can be used for any soils and walls?

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Monolithic floating plate does not offer a basement. This is considered its drawback, but it will simultaneously serve as a draft floor for the first floor.

Of course, smart people who solved the problem of technical underground have already found. This significantly applies the construction, but in the end result, you can acquire a whole back floor. Than bad?

Is such a foundation available for independent construction as other varieties?

Yes, it is not difficult to independently fulfill the floating base for your structure, but, like any other construction, this will require some consultations with a specialist. The thickness, sizes of the pillow and the plate itself, the use of reinforcement – all this will require calculations. Mistakes here can lead to big problems.

To perform a standard slab, it is not necessary to perform a pit, it will be enough to remove the plant layer of soil (30-50 centimeters). It is better to do this with a bulldozer, the base will turn out to be dense and even. A layer of geotextiles, which will hold the sand from leaching with soil waters on the surface of the base, is advised to lay down on the surface. Further, in several techniques, crushed stone and sand with the tamping of each layer.

For waterproofing the base, polyethylene, glassizol, roofing material and similar materials should be used. They are laid on top of the pillow in 2 layers, keeping the allowances from the edges, with the calculation to close the ends of the plates after the filling process.